четверг, 30 декабря 2010 г.

Russian Dragoons in Poltava battle, June 27, 1709

Below is a table presenting actual strength & losses of the Russian Dragoons in Poltava battle. The end of the doc is lost, so the totals are unknown but the most of data are available.
There are 3 squadrons, 3 Horse Grenadiers & 24 Dragoons regiments in the table. Their strength was 20 106 men, excluding (!) officers. Average number of officers was 20-25 per regiment (shortage was high). Killed were about 770-780 (738 - in available part, plus 20-30 in Novotroick Dragoons & 2 squadrons (Ranenburg & Voronej).
  • Column 1 - Regimental names
  • Column 2 - Presented at the battle
  • Column 3 - Killed
  • Coumn 4 - Actual (The table was made after the battle. I don't agree with Krotov that it's dated June 27-28. Evidently it was made later, when troops were reinforced)
Source: Кротов П.А. Битва при Полтаве (к 300-летней годовщине). СПб, 2009. С. 386-387
Ведомость унтер-офицерского и рядового состава регулярных драгунских полков, участвовавших в Полтавской битве.

воскресенье, 26 декабря 2010 г.

Russian army under Shein at Smolensk, Aug 1633 (in Russian)

Разряд войска Шеина на август 1633 г.

Plan of Smolensk in 1633
(Engraving by Gondius)
(по разрядной книге осады города Смоленска 1631-1634 гг. из ОР РНБ, Эрмитажное собрание)

С боярином М. Б. Шеиным дворян и детей боярских городовых, которым дано было государево жалованье по разбору
Владимирских - 151
Смольнян - 356
Суздальцев - 207
Каширских - 265
Нижегородцев - 206
Арзамасцев - 364
с Юрьева-Польского - 102
Дорогобужских - 52
Муромцев - 115

Polish & Lithuanian armies, Sept 1633 (In Russian)

Литовская армия на 1 сентября 1633 (н.ст.)


Polish-Lithuanian troops at Smolensk in 1633
(Engraving by Gondius)
Польный литовский гетман Кшиштоф Радзивилл, виленский воевода, «Молния», заместитель - мстиславский войский Яков Мадалинский

Гусарские хоругви
Гетмана Кшиштофа Радзивилла (Давидович)- 200
Льва Сапеги - 200
Павла Сапеги - 120
Томаша Сапеги - 120
Грегожа (Григория, то есть Генрика) Сенкевича! - 120
Самуэля Коморовского - 120
Адама Покирского - 120
Григория Мирского - 120
Яна Свотынского - 120

Polish-Lithuanian army in 1756 (report of a Russian spy)

Polish-Lithuanian army from report by Gross dated 28 May 1756 had the following staff (I also added comparison with Komput of 1717):



Report of 1756
Komput of 1717
Notes
Polish (Crown) army




National troops





Hussars
13 choragwie
16 choragwie



Pancerni
58 choragwie
77 choragwie



Jazda lekka
10 choragwie
14 choragwie

вторник, 21 декабря 2010 г.

Russian "New model" Foot colors in Smolensk war 1632-34 (Supplement in Russian)

In the previous message I post a summary in English, below are screenshots from Russian sources with details (also reitars & dragoon colors are described)

Знамена полков "нового строя" в Смоленской войне 1632-34
Яковлев Л. Древности Российского государства. Дополнение к III Отделению. Русские старинные знамена. Москва, 1865. сс. 73-75

Russian "New model" Foot colors in Smolensk war 1632-34


1st color: Wilson's regimental color, 1632
2 nd color: Wilson's company's color, 1632
3 & 4 colors: colors of Vovzyn's regiment, 1679
Source: Zeughause # 15, illustrations by V. Perederiy
for A. Malov's article

Russian “new model” foot regiments received in 1632-34 one white regimental colour (carried by the 1st/colonel’s company) and 7 colored for the remaining companies. Regimental colors were white with black state double-headed eagle with 3 gold crowns. Company colors were of regimental color with diagonal cross (flat, not Burgundian). Regimental colors are known for 7 foot regiments & independent company:
·        Pentzer/ van Damm Foot: red with yellow cross
·        Sanderson Foot: blue with white
·        Rosform Foot: yellow with white
·        Keith (or Kyte?) Foot: crimson with white
·        Wilson Foot: white with blue/white/blue cross (see image)
·        Craufort Foot: red with white, decorated with stars,bur, etc. of different colors
·        Kynemont Foot: blue with white
·        Farbes Company: white with blue cross
Also known 4 sets of colors, but regiments are unknown:
·        white with yellow cross,
·        yellow with black cross (5 such colors survived, Unzen Foot?)
·        green with white (?) cross
·        blue with white (?) cross
Colors size was 1,86 m x 2,1-2,2 m

понедельник, 20 декабря 2010 г.

пятница, 17 декабря 2010 г.

Dolgorukiy's report about battle of Werki, Nov 1658


Besides the Shakhowskoy’s reports the only Russian published document about Werki campaign is Dolgorukiy’s report dated mid-November 1658. It describes September-November events. Unfortunately there are no details about the battle of Werki, only general words that “it happened”. Below is a short summary in English & full text in Russian. Source: Акты Московского государства. Т. 2.

“On Sept 29 Dolgorukiy got news that Semen Brynk Dragoons (1,200 settled dragoons from Skopin & Romanov) with train were surrounded & attacked by Sapieha in 25 miles from Wilno. Brynk entrenched in fortified camp & repulsed all attacks (attacks continued at least 6 days, from 29 of Sept till 4 of Oct). Then Sapieha came to Wilno & took positions in 10 miles from Wilno.
On Oct 10 Lithuanian captive told that Sapieha & Gonsiewski planned joint attack on Dolgorukiy’s forces. Dolgorukiy decided to attack them first in the morning Oct 11. He left a part of Osip Sukin’s Corps to cover camp & Wilno. His back was covered from Sapieha by Volynskiy’s Corps…
When Sapieha got news about Gonsiewski defeat he retreated to Nowogrodok…
On Oct 19 Russian envoys with Odoevskiy left Wilno to Moscow. They were escorted by v. Strobel reitar regiment (evidently participated in the battle)…
Roads from Wilno to Smolensk & Polotck were cut off by Cossacks under Nechai & Murashko…
After the battle Dolgorukiy marched to Shklov through Borisov. In Wilno he left in addition to garrison regiments Y. Urvin Foot (1,500; regiment was reinforced to the full strength from other Dolgorukiy’s regiments). In garrison of Borisov he left T. Belie (481 men), voevoda/governor – Fedor Narbekov.
Lithuanian captives told that Gonsiewski had 8 choragwies of hussars (50-40-30 men), 12 coys of reitars (160-100 men), 7 choragwies f pancerni Cossacks (200-170-100 men), Gonsiewski’s pancerni choragwie (200), 12 coys of dragoons (180-160-100 men). In his camp he left 10 coys of German foot, 2 choragwies of Hungarian foot, a coy of dragoons, 8 cannons”.
Отписка Виленского воеводы князя Юрия Долгорукого о битве при Верках, 11/22 октября 1658

четверг, 16 декабря 2010 г.

Materials about Russian troops in Wilno in May-July 1658 (before the battle of Werki)

There is no any Russian BO for the battle of Werki. Below there is a set of reports from voevoda (governor) of Wilno kniaz Mikhail Shakhowskoy to the Tzar in May-July 1658. It gives some info about Dolgorukiy’s troops. Short summary is in English, full version – in Russian. Source: Акты исторические, собранные и изданные Археографическою комиссиею. Т. 4. СПб, 1842
# 120. Report dated May 8, 1658: Shakhowskoy had 871 men in 3 foot regiments of Wilno garrison: W. Kunningham – 236, F. Felder – 318, Y. Angler – 317.
# 125. Report dated June 1758: From 2 012 recruits sent to Wilno arrived in June 1 792. They were distributed into 4 foot regiments of Y. Dolgorukiy Corps: Y. Kyte, K. Yander, T. Belye, A. Gohward (448 in each). 856 of them didn’t have bandoleers.
# 128 Report dated July 15, 1658: Two prikazes (regiment) of Moscow Streltzy (S. Kokovkin & I. Endourov) from Y. Dolgorukiy Corps asked Shakhowskoy for supplies from Wilno warehouse. They totaled 927 men.
# 149 Report dated July 16, 1658: Two regiments from Y. Dolgorukiy Corps were reinforced to full strength of 1,000 men from Wilno garrison: T. Daleil – 100, T. Craufort – 37. On July 16, 1658 Wilno garrison numbered 521 men (both active & ill) in 3 regiments: W. Kunningham – 180, F. Felder – 169, Y. Angler – 172.
# 150 Report dated July 1658: 5 foot regiments of Y. Dolgorukiy Corps numbered 4 656 men (incl. recruits & reinforces from Wilno garrison regiments)
Документы по виленскому гарнизону и полкам Ю. Долгорукова накануне битвы при Верках (май-июль 1658)
№ 120. 1658 Мая 8 и июня 13. Отписки Царю Виленского воеводы князя Шаховского, о получении и раздаче полковым начальникам и солдатам жалованья.
I.— Государю Царю и Великому Князю Алексею Михайловичу, всеа Велкия и Малыя и Белыя России. Самодержцу, холоп твой Миш­ка Шаховской челом бьет.. В нынешнем, Государь, во 166 году Мая в 8 день прислана ко мне, холопу твоему, твоя Великого Го­сударя грамота; а по

Lists of Swedish troops in Germany in April (Frankfurt) & May (Magdeburg) 1631

I continue to place in the blog lists of the Swedish troops in Germany in 1631-32

понедельник, 13 декабря 2010 г.

Polish rajtaria 1702-03

General, gemein & standard-bearer of Polish Rajtaria 1702-03.
Source: Gembarzewski Bronislaw, Zolnierz polski. Ubior, uzbrojenie i oporzadzenie. T. 2 od r. 1697 do r. 1794.
The author mention that it is based on the original drawing Nr 23358 from Muzeum Narodowej in Warszawa.
The reitars looks like Saxons, but they don't have Saxon colors (black-yellow) in the arms on the standard.  

Swedish infantry in Livland 1655-61 (dinamic on monthly basis)

The table below presents the dinamic of the Swedish infantry (number of coys & real strength) in Livland in 1655-61 on monthly basis.
The source is: Лайдре М. Количество и состав шведской пехоты в Лифляндии в 1655-1661 гг. // Скандинавский сборник. Таллинн, 1986. Т. XXX. С. 27 – 39.
month

1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
January
coys
23
46
63
53
64
73
46

men
3180+?
4948
4069
2397
2820
3573
3394
February
coys
24
51
51
51
43
74
46

men
3317+?
5149
3956
2287
1884
3613
3487
March
coys
23
50
55
51
42
65
46

men
3009+?
5036
3484
2405
1793
3347
3376
April
coys
23
51
58
52
72
63
46

men
2961+?
4886
3770
2257
3487
3126
3377
May
coys
27
59
55
53
43
62
54

men
3713+?
5677
3589
2345
1914
3061
3758
June
coys
24
58
65
62
41
60
45

men
3455+?
5575
3976
3271
2030
3024
3111
July
coys
18
58
63
62
42
56
45

men
2110+?
5914
2782
3671
2348
2874
3235
August
coys
24
57
47
91
58
88
45

men
2773+?
5783
2078
5242
3022
4118
3255
Sept.
coys
18
59
49
63
50
61
42

men
2176+?
5397
2133
3521
2280
3861
3167
Oct
coys
20
77
49
74
53
52
43

men
1427+?
6409
2032
3695
2806
3891
3958
Nov
coys
20
72
47
77
61
51
35

men
1420+?
5820
1761
4036
3016
3789
3401
Dec
coys
20
76
52
83
58
49
33

men
1211+?
5309
2307
4057
2819
3635
3076